Palestine Arab Riots 1920-21

What happened during the Arab riots of 1920-1921?

The first Arab riots of the Mandate period took place in Jerusalem in the intermediary days of Passover, in March 1920 (“Bloody Passover”). They were instigated by Arabs acting on unfounded rumors of Jewish actions against Arabs. The British military authorities did not intervene in the Arab attacks, while Vladimir Jabotinsky and other Jews were arrested for organizing a self-defense league. In April 1920, Joseph Trumpeldor and others were killed in the defense of Tel Hai, a settlement in the Upper Galilee. These developments led to the founding of the Haganah on June 15, 1920.

Haj Amin al-Husseini emerged as one of the leaders of the 1920 Arab riots in Palestine and incited the masses to murder Jews and loot their homes. While only in his late twenties, he became the youngest ever Mufti of Jerusalem in 1921, supported by the British. May 1921 brought new violence in Jaffa followed by large-scale attacks on Rehovot, Petah Tikva, and other Jewish areas. The death toll among the Jews was 47 with 140 wounded. Yosef Hayyim Brenner, the distinguished socialist pioneer and author, was among those murdered. Arab casualties of 48 killed and 73 wounded were almost entirely due to British military action. The main lesson was the power of the Arab masses and the relative ineffectiveness of the Jewish defense. Sir Herbert Samuel, The High Commissioner, yielded to the demonstration of power: he ordered a temporary halt to Jewish immigration and began negotiations with the Arab Executive Committee. The outcome of these negotiations was the June 1922 White Paper issued by Colonial Secretary Winston Churchill. The riots were investigated by the Haycraft Commission, who said in their summary report:

  • The racial strife was begun by the Arabs, and rapidly developed into a conflict of great violence between Arabs and Jews, in which the Arab majority, who were generally the aggressors, inflicted most of the casualties.
But then the Commission rationalized the cause of the attack, in a pattern that is still seen in the 21st Century:
  • The fundamental cause of the riots was a feeling among the Arabs of discontent with, and hostility to, the Jews, due to political and economic causes, and connected with Jewish immigration, and with their conception of Zionist policy as derived from Jewish exponents.
This pattern repeated itself over the decades: Arab riots with Jewish casualties, British official inquiry, followed by appeasement of the Arabs.

§ One Response to Palestine Arab Riots 1920-21

  • john paul gettelman says:

    PalestineArab rioting against JudaeanHebrew refuges from antiJew racism,was only the start of the Arab race war on Israel. JudaeanHebrew heirs of classical Israel are called Jews and Jewish people in English. It is confusing to enough people that we have to clarify the identity of the charecters as in a play This is at the centre of the Arab-Israeli war that all else revolves round.We are told in the PLO CovenantCharter,PalestineArab Liberation Organiztion CharterCovenant, Judaism is a religion not a nation.Jews are constituents of their host nations.USA Jews are USA nationals.German Jews are Germans of the religion of Judaism.JudaeaoArabs are Arabs who practice Judaic faith.All these ideas revolve round the central PLO CovenantCharter idea that Jews are people of Jewish religion who practice the faith of Judaism,but are not rooted in ancient ZionIsrael.PalestineArab justification for this claim is shallow at best.This is simply a racial implication made explicit in this revolving door of circular logic. Judaism, the Jewish religion,the faith of Jews,is practiced by people living all round the world. while Jews are minorities in PalestineArab country.Meanwhile Zionism ,the ingathering of Jews into and around Zion, the centre of the land of Israel,is called alien racism by PalestineArab protoNazi leaders.This is partly an identification problem for people outside Jewish life. Jews use the terms of Jewish social conventions while anybody else not tuned in may not get all the specific kinship of Jews identity names.So anti Jew forces play on this identity terminology and use it as a way to attack Jews. Let’s clarify it all now. Judah,and Judahite are common Old Testament Christian terms refering to the son of Israel and the later nation of Judah growing out from the nation of Israel.Ultimately the country called Judah succeeded Israel altogether ,as the sole heir of Israelite nationhood.We now take for granted this line of succession in Judah from Israel.Meanwhile we have the Hebrew language and national name.Judaea is used by GrecoRoman Imperial times,Judah was now Judaea(h) centred round Zion.This was synonomous with Israel in our Christian social world.All this to frame the racialising of JudaeanHebrewZionIsrael by masterminds of wordsmithing for Racist Leaders of PalestineArabism. This is the background of PalestineArabist identity politics framing PalestineArab race war against JudaeanHebrew,Zion,Israel.

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