Anglo-American Committee of Inquiry

What was the Anglo-American Committee of Inquiry?

After World War II, some one hundred thousand Jews were released from Hitler’s control, which became another one hundred thousand and more owing to the Jews coming from different parts of Eastern Europe, making an escape from Soviet control. So the issues of settling these Jew refugees arouse. Palestine became the obvious destination of Jewish Zionists who believed that Zion can now be their only sanctuary. Palestine was a feasible place for Jews even without the Zionist conviction, after Western countries showed reluctance to give Jews the place to settle again. One unacceptable option for Jews was to repatriate with the countries they had fled from which they refused.

However, there was a block from Arabs, backed by their British allies, to resist Jewish settlement in Palestine as they did not want to take the international responsibility of the remains of European Jewry upon their shoulders. To look through these matters of Arab and Jewish settlement and to review the situations, Anglo-American Committee of Inquiry was formed in 1945. Britain had received repeated calls from the U.S to approve the allowance of a hundred thousand Jews in Palestine. Establishment of this committee was an attempt by the British to depreciate US efforts, demanding actions for the admittance of refugees in Palestine. In response to the pleas of US President, British Prime Minister proposed to resolve this crisis through this joint commission. Anglo-American Committee was also regarded by some as a play-for-time to delay opening the gates of Palestine to the Jews.

 

The Committee of Inquiry made some futuristic observations about this issue. They said that as a result of Jews getting Palestinian immigration, a political conflict would be developed about the governance of the land. They predicted that political fear would raise questions in the minds of both Arabs and Jews that who will be in governance some years from now. It also became evident right at that time that the conflict between Arabs and Jews will only grow worse over the years.   

 

The report was submitted as a result of reviews and inquires covered in three volumes. There were some major findings, one of which stated that Palestine cannot support any larger population due to the fact that more water cannot be brought to the country from Jordan. Another enquiry reported that there are no sincere efforts from both Arabs and Jews to reach some reconciliation or to drop their fundamental differences. While the committee did not suggest any solid solution for resolving such conflicts, it suggested coexistence for Arabs and Jews in a single state. This proposed state would be the one where both will live with cooperation and neither one dominating the other.

Reports from the findings of Anglo-American Committee of Inquiry also stated the Arab position as taken from Arab office; Zionist position, as taken from Zionist representatives and also from the anti-Zionist sect of Jews, the latter one being in opposition to a Jewish state. In 1936, the Committee of Inquiry announced its decision authorizing a hundred thousand Jews in Palestine. This proposal was however rejected by the British Mandate Authority stating the impossibility of such immigration. While the armed organizations formed by both Arabs and Jews challenged the authority and deranged the public order.

After World War II, some one hundred thousand Jews were released from Hitler’s control, which became another one hundred thousand and more owing to the Jews coming from different parts of Eastern Europe, making an escape from Soviet control. So the issues of settling these Jew refugees arouse. Palestine became the obvious destination of Jewish Zionists who believed that Zion can now be their only sanctuary. Palestine was a feasible place for Jews even without the Zionist conviction, after Western countries showed reluctance to give Jews the place to settle again. One unacceptable option for Jews was to repatriate with the countries they had fled from which they refused.

However, there was a block from Arabs, backed by their British allies, to resist Jewish settlement in Palestine as they did not want to take the international responsibility of the remains of European Jewry upon their shoulders. To look through these matters of Arab and Jewish settlement and to review the situations, Anglo-American Committee of Inquiry was formed in 1945. Britain had received repeated calls from the U.S to approve the allowance of a hundred thousand Jews in Palestine. Establishment of this committee was an attempt by the British to depreciate US efforts, demanding actions for the admittance of refugees in Palestine. In response to the pleas of US President, British Prime Minister proposed to resolve this crisis through this joint commission. Anglo-American Committee was also regarded by some as a play-for-time to delay opening the gates of Palestine to the Jews.

The Committee of Inquiry made some futuristic observations about this issue. They said that as a result of Jews getting Palestinian immigration, a political conflict would be developed about the governance of the land. They predicted that political fear would raise questions in the minds of both Arabs and Jews that who will be in governance some years from now. It also became evident right at that time that the conflict between Arabs and Jews will only grow worse over the years.   

The report was submitted as a result of reviews and inquires covered in three volumes. There were some major findings, one of which stated that Palestine cannot support any larger population due to the fact that more water cannot be brought to the country from Jordan. Another enquiry reported that there are no sincere efforts from both Arabs and Jews to reach some reconciliation or to drop their fundamental differences. While the committee did not suggest any solid solution for resolving such conflicts, it suggested coexistence for Arabs and Jews in a single state. This proposed state would be the one where both will live with cooperation and neither one dominating the other.

Reports from the findings of Anglo-American Committee of Inquiry also stated the Arab position as taken from Arab office; Zionist position, as taken from Zionist representatives and also from the anti-Zionist sect of Jews, the latter one being in opposition to a Jewish state. In 1936, the Committee of Inquiry announced its decision authorizing a hundred thousand Jews in Palestine. This proposal was however rejected by the British Mandate Authority stating the impossibility of such immigration. While the armed organizations formed by both Arabs and Jews challenged the authority and deranged the public order.

One thought on “Anglo-American Committee of Inquiry”

  1. Working on a term paper here, I think the date “1936” might be a typo in the last paragraph since the committee wasn’t established until 1945.

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