How did neighboring Arab countries react?
It would not be wrong if we say that the whole Arab-Israel conflict rose from the 1947 UN Resolution. United Nations Resolution 181 (II) which was passed on November 29, 1947 stated “Independent Arab and Jewish States” in Palestine. While the proposed partition plan was readily accepted by Jewish Agency on behalf of the Jewish community in Palestine, the Resolution was widely opposed by the Arabs residing not only in Palestine but all over. The entire Arab leadership opposed the partition plan on the grounds that the proposal is a violation of the rights of Palestinian people living in the area which is 67% to 33% of the Jewish community.
Infuriated, Arab leaders threatened Jews to the length going as far as “Driving the Jews into the sea.” Azzam Pasha, the General Secretary of the Arab League, told reporters on May 20, 1948:
"We are fighting for an Arab Palestine. Whatever the outcome the Arabs will stick to their offer of equal citizenship for Jews in Arab Palestine and let them be as Jewish as they like. In areas where they predominate they will have complete autonomy."
Zionists attributed the opposition by the Arab world as mere adamancy; however, Arabs asserted that their rejection was due to the unfair decision of United Nations. Arab rejection is considered justified on the grounds that UN Resolution gave more than fifty percent of the land to the Jews whereas; legally they owned only 7 percent of it.
Uprising by the Arab world has been regarded as intransigence by the Jews; however, the supporting Zionist parties fail to acknowledge that there was no ‘sacrifice’ involved on part of the Jews as a result of UN Resolution. A report correctly declared what was on the mind of millions in the world;
“Inflamed by nationalism and religious fervor, Arabs in Syria, Lebanon, Iraq, Transjordan, Egypt, and Saudi Arabia as well as Palestine are determined to fight against any force, or combination of forces, which attempts to set up a Jewish state in Palestine.”
Iran, Iraq, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Syria and Yemen all shared their concerns over this Resolution, fearing what lay ahead of it. These, among other countries, voted against the resolution but only to lose in the end. After 64 years, the situation has turned where Palestinians have become “terrorists” while the Jewish immigrants have become the “rightful owners of the land.”
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