The peace process which started to create an environment of peace among Palestine and Israel resulted in Oslo Agreements which were signed by both the nations. The agreement implied that both the parties should commit to eliminate violence against each other and the incitement that provokes it. Under these agreements, relevant organizations were obligated to take all necessary measures to prevent themselves and others from involving in such activities. This issue was of importance to both Palestine and Israel that all of the agreements include these constraints or refer to the earlier agreements made in this regard. Mentioned here are the sections taken from Oslo Agreements:
- Chairman of PA Yasser Arafat’s letter in September 1993, out of the exchange of letters with Jewish Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, stated: “the PLO renounces the use of terrorism and other acts of violence and will assume responsibility over all PLO elements and personnel in order to assure their compliance, prevent violations and discipline violators.”
- Oslo II, The Interim Agreement, was carried out on September 28, 1995. Article XXII of the Agreement reads that Israel and Palestinian Authority “shall seek to foster mutual understanding and tolerance and shall accordingly abstain from incitement, including hostile propaganda, against each other and, without derogating from the principle of freedom of expression, shall take legal measures to prevent such incitement by any organizations, groups or individuals within their jurisdiction.”
- Palestinian Authority reaffirmed their commitment on another occasion in January 15, 1997. Accompanying the Hebron Protocol, the Note for the Record stated the Palestinian commitment relating to, “Preventing incitement and hostile propaganda, as specified in Article XXII of the Interim Agreement.”
However, the agreements were constantly violated by Israel. Every Israeli living in the Palestinian territories is continually incited against Palestinian Arabs. Israeli press and electronic media plays a major role in promoting incitement and the virulent hate campaign, which also springs from mass promotion of terrorist activities and in the education system. This incitement by Israelis and the debilitated state of governments in Jerusalem are perilous to the movements of peace process and only add fuel to the fire to the already violence-induced environment.
Advocates of Palestinian incitement are only too insistent on complaining about the whole situation, refusing to acknowledge that nationalistic and materialistic indoctrination is right there in the Israeli leaders as well. Reports state that Netanyahu showed reluctance in renewing the work done by Israeli-Palestinian committee preventing incitement, which gives the idea that he is only too aware of the evidence that will come forward in this scenario. The issue of incitement cannot be resolved until the occupation is lifted as retaliation for occupation is only justified and natural.