What was the result of the Yom Kippur War?
The Yom Kippur War, also known as the October War, began as a surprise attack on Israel by Syria and Egypt with Arab forces making considerable advances until the track of the war was changed to Israel gaining power and finally forcing a retreat. The Yom Kippur War, which occurred in October 1973, came as a blow to Israel and shook its roots which were thought to be strong as steel. Even though Israel came out of it victorious, the effects of the war were quite negative on the country’s reputation and standing. The war brought about significant changes for Israel in terms to its relations with other countries like Unites States while these shaken relations proved fruitful for the defeated Arab countries.
Yom Kippur War saw Arab countries being devastated severely but Israel was not without its share of destruction. Arab forces witnessed killings of 8000-15,000 while as compared to this, Israeli casualties reached to over 2,500 only and another thousand were wounded in the eighteen days of battle that pursued. Israel faced a loss of equipment, production and export equaling to its gross national product for one year. Most importantly, because of this war, Israel’s invincible image was broken which it acquire after the War of 1967.
The events of the October 1973 also led to the country losing its self-confidence and forming doubts in many minds regarding the competence of the labor elite. The war-weary public also pointed fingers at the Defense Minister Moshe Dayan who was criticized and held responsible for the military unpreparedness.
US Secretary of State Henry Kissinger carried out intensive efforts, as a result of which, Israel was asked to withdraw its forces from the east bank of the Suez Canal and the inland area several miles behind the UN supervised cease-fire zone. Israel also had to give up the territorial gains of the war it achieved from the Syrian front. One good effect of the war was the reestablishment of good diplomatic relations between Syria, Egypt and United States which were broken due to the consequences of 1967 war. As a result, the clearance of Suez Canal started off which came as a much delight to the Arab countries. Middle East saw a major shift of power following the Yom Kippur War which ultimately led to Israel and Egypt signing a peace treaty.
The defeat that Arab countries faced in the Yom Kippur War brought many of the African states and some other Muslim countries to unite against Israel and severe their diplomatic ties with the country. Moreover, the UN General Assembly passed the “Zionism Equals Racism” resolution which stated that ‘Zionism is a form of racism and racial discrimination’.