Israel and the Territories after the 1967 War

What did Israel do with the areas captured in the 1967 war?

 

Israel captured Golan Heights, Jerusalem, West Bank and the Gaza Strip from the Arabs after the Six-Day War of 1967 and formed settlements. Most of the world community consider these settlements as areas annexed by Israel and do not recognize them. These settlements do not have support from any foreign government, and are considered illegal according to the International Court of Justice.


In the past, United Nations has insisted that the construction of Israeli settlements in these areas is a violation of the Fourth Geneva Convention. In response, Israeli legal experts resisted the label on these territories as “occupied” or falling under the international treaties regarding it as a military occupation. Israeli government reject these claims stating that the 1949 Fourth Geneva Convention does not put forward any de jure applicability regarding the case of West Bank and Gaza, as the Convention “is based on the assumption that there had been a sovereign who was ousted and that he had been a legitimate sovereign.”

 

After the war, Israel took over 96 percent of the population which previously comprised of Muslims and Christians and prohibited them from returning to their homes in a state which is now self-described as Jewish. The ones who continue to live there are subjected to continuous discrimination and poor living conditions.

 

Israel unleashed military occupation on West Bank and Gaza, confiscated their privately owned land. Because of the extreme oppression, Palestinians have minimal control over their lives. Over 10,000 men, women and children are held in Israeli prisons and are subjected to trials, physical abuse and torture. Israel also took control of all the Palestinian borders including the internal ones where men, women and children were strip searched. Israeli soldiers beat people; stopped women in labor to reach hospital on time which caused many deaths, and the entrance of food and medicine in Gaza was restrained which resulted in escalating humanitarian crisis. Injuring, kidnapping and killing of Palestinian inhabitants were carried out almost daily by the Israeli forces. The situation continues to the present day.

 

Since the Oslo Accords in 1993, Israel has refrained from establishing new settlements in the occupied territories; however, the expansion of the existing settlements continues which is frequently termed as an obstacle to the peace process by the United Nations. The European Union, the United Kingdom and the United States and many other countries hold the same view. Remarking on the ongoing situation, president of the Palestinian Medical Relief Committees Mustafa Barghouti asserted that “the root of the problem is Israeli occupation.” According to Oslo Accords of 1993, these territories were to become a part of the Palestinian state, yet the issue remained unresolved and steadily worsened. This resulted in the Palestinian population rebellion and the uprising called “the intifada” began in September 2000.

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§ 2 Responses to Israel and the Territories after the 1967 War

  • Al says:

    Find a way to coexist. Or God will do it for us..

  • Sasha Schlomann says:

    I find this article very interesting, and I agree with the points made about the expansion of settlements. That is hindering the peace process, but you have to understand that that is not the main issue at hand when it comes to peace. Israel under resolution 242 by the United Nations has no obligation to give back any land, that it rightfully obtained in a defensive war, unless for the purposes of peace that stem from the other Arab nations. In your article you do not mention the Sinai, which Israel gave back after the war, and consists of the majority of land that was obtained during the war. Further more, you briefly mention the disengagement process that Israel had in Gaza, in which thousands of Jews were forced by the Israeli Army to leave Gaza and set up new homes elsewhere. This process destroyed parts of Israel’s agricultural production, 65% of all Israeli agriculture products came from their, in exchange for peace. That peace never came, and as we are all aware, certain Gazan’s have used Israeli and foriegn aid to make bombs or smuggle in rifles from neighboring countries. This shows that while Israel was willing to put its own citizens behind them, and attempt to make peace, the Palestinian Authority was not. Furthermore, Palestinians have of control over their life, in many areas in Judea and Samaria (West Bank), their is complete autonomy. Granted checkpoints are set up, but Palestinians can still travel into Israel for work and other purposes, while Israelis civilians are never aloud in those autonomous regions. And while these checkpoints might be frustrating for many Palestinians, you have to realize that any normal country would enact possibly even harsher measures if they were attacked daily from neighboring countries. Many Israelis would want to take down the security fence and checkpoints, and many checkpoints have been closed in recent years, when the government realized that those areas were no longer hostile, but it is a necessary measure for their own safety. That is why unfortunately certain Palestinian women have not been allowed to access hospital service from Gaza because their have been occasions when the woman secretly had bombs attached to her, and then blew herself and many Israeli civilians up. It is certainly not the best solution to the problem, but it is the most effective. I hope that my points have made sense, and we can come to a better understanding of the complicated issue, and find an effective solution for peace.

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