What was the result of the Six Day War?
The Six-Day War ended on June 10, 1967, following a cease-fire on the Israel-Syrian front. The Arab states suffered immense defeat in this war because of Israel’s unjust preemptive attack. Arabs lost half of their military equipment while the Jordanian air force was completely destroyed on the hands of Israeli forces. The Arab casualty count was over 18,000. On the other hand, Israel lost only around 700 soldiers.
President Gamal Abdul Nasser of Egypt resigned from his position a day after Israel took over Sinai Peninsula while other Arab leaders also suffered unpopularity from their nation. Before Six-Day War, Arab-Israeli conflict revolved around Israel’s right to existence, however, it shifted to the issue of boundaries following the war. However, the defeat did not lessen Israel’s hatred for the Arabs and their attitude towards Israel. Arab leaders met in Khartoum in August 1967 and released a statement showing their unwillingness to compromise: no negotiations with Israel, no peace with Israel, no recognition of the state of Israel. To the much dismay of the Arabs, Israel received considerable gains from the war. They occupied Sinai Peninsula, Golan Heights and the West Bank and secured their borders. They also took control of Jerusalem. On the other hand, the war added to the hardships of Palestinian Arabs. Another 350,000 Palestinians became refugees of which most fled to Jordan while the ones remaining here went under the control of Israel. The number of Arabs that were now under the control of Palestinians became over 1,300,000. The war also sparked an upsurge in Palestinian nationalism. Guerilla organizations like Al Fatah and some factions of the PLO carried out attacks on Israeli targets. To present a solution to the ongoing conflict, UN passed a resolution 242 in November 1967 with the idea of providing a ‘just and lasting peace’ in the region. This resolution set out the rules for withdrawal of Israeli forces from the occupied territories and settlement of the Arab refugees. However, Israel did not acknowledge the rules of resolution and continued to practice their authority over the occupied territories. Seeing that no action had been taken, Arab leaders termed this resolution as nothing but an international wish-list. The war did not solve the issues for which it was started but added further problems for Palestinian citizens. In fact, it worsened the Arab-Israeli conflict to a great extent, the after-effects of which can be seen in the region even today.