Yasser Arafat and the Palestine Liberation Organization

How did Yasser Arafat become involved with the PLO?

? Time Inc.

Yasser Arafat

Mohammed Abdel-Raouf Arafat As Qudwa al-Hussaeini was born on August 24, 1929 in Cairo, his father a textile merchant who was a Palestinian with some Egyptian ancestry, his mother from an old Palestinian family in Jerusalem. His full name is also written as Abd al-Rahman abd al-Bauf Arafat al-Qud al-Husseini. Arafat shortened his name to obscure his kinship with the notorious ex-Mufti of Jerusalem, Haj Muhammed Amin al-Husseini who collaborated with the Nazis during World War II. Arafat has also been known by the nom de guerre Abu Amar (or Abu Ammar). [“Yasser” is also sometimes spelled “Yasir” or “Yassir”.]

In late 1952, Palestinian students from Gaza, studying primarily at Cairo University, set up the Union of Palestinian Students in Egypt. It was there that Yasser Arafat, a Civil Engineering student, and his coterie, including Salah Khalaf (Abu Iyad), later to become Arafat?s second in command, began their terrorist careers.

The Palestinian students, under Arafat?s leadership, were affiliated with the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt, then in its prime, and by far the most active organization on the Cairo campus. The liquidation of the Muslim Brotherhood by the Egyptian regime explains Arafat?s subsequent hostility toward Egyptian premier Jamal Abdul Nasser.

On October 10, 1959, a group of about 20 Palestinians met in Kuwait and secretly formed Fatah. Fatah (or al-Fatah) is an acronym standing for Harakat Al-Tahrir Al-Watani Al-Filastini?the Movement for the National Liberation of Palestine. In Arabic, HTF means death; when reversed to FTH it means victory. Arafat, who had been working as a construction engineer in Kuwait, soon emerged as the leader of Fatah.

With Fatah, Arafat recurited terrorists and led fedayeen raids into Israeli territory. Among the offshoots of Fatah was the infamous “Black September” who murdered the Israeli athletes at the 1972 Munich Olympics. When the PLO was founded in 1964, as an umbrella organization for various Arab terrorist factions, Fatah was the largest group. It was, and still is, the military arm of the PLO. By 1968 Arafat was PLO’s leader and he has been chairman of the PLO since then.

2 thoughts on “Yasser Arafat and the Palestine Liberation Organization”

    Black September: its short, violent history – Page 6 – Christopher Dobson – Macmillan, 1974 – 179 pages
    his followers to kill in a Jihad, a Holy War, against the Jews in 1947, a war which was to end in disaster for tthe Arabs of Palestine and disgrace for Haj Amin, who now lives in Beirut, still yearning for power, still hating the Jews.
    But, while the Mufti is deposed and disgraced, and the Moslem Brotherhood broken, their most extreme supporters maintain a strong influence on the modern terrorist organizations. The links are both physical and philosophical. Yasir Arafat, leader of Al Fatah, parent organization of Black September, not only was a member of the Moslem Brotherhood but also belongs to the Mufti’s large and powerful clan, his father having been a cousin by marriage of the Mufti.

    This Muslim Brotherhood connection helped Arafat gain entry to traditional Muslim circles in Egypt and the Persian Gulf states of Saudi Arabia and Kuwait.

    By controlling what was said at these Friday sermons, Arafat has found an extremely powerful tool of incitement. … Preserving the Holy Land can be achieved only through holy war [jihad].

    Yasser Arafat: Biography
    After returning to the university, Arafat joined the Muslim Brotherhood and served as president of the Union of Palestinian Students from 1952 to 1956. By 1956, Arafat graduated with a bachelor’s degree in civil engineering and served as a …

    Clinton-Barak Meeting Ends; Arafat Wants ‘Holy War’ to Continue
    By Julie Stahl
    Jul 7, 2008
    Jerusalem (CNSNews.com) –
    Washington’s special Mideast envoy Dennis Ross is expected to hold talks with Israeli and Palestinian leaders in the region later this week, following a weekend meeting between President Clinton and Prime Minister Ehud Barak that produced no breakthroughs.

    Feb 11, 2009 – 60 Minutes on CBS News: The Many Faces Of Arafat – Mike Wallace Looks Back Past…
    Wallace: But you incite Palestinians, especially young Palestinians, to violence. Just this past week, you said publicly, “Millions of holy warriors are on their way to Jerusalem. Jihad, jihad, jihad, jihad, holy war, holy war, holy war.” What does that mean?
    Arafat: I am repeating some of holy Muslim words, not mine.

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